Ibuprofen oral suspension is a medication used to reduce pain, inflammation, and fever. It belongs to a class of medications called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which work by blocking the production of certain chemicals in the body that cause pain and inflammation.
Mechanism of Action:
Ibuprofen works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are chemicals produced by the body in response to injury or inflammation. By reducing the production of prostaglandins, ibuprofen can help to reduce pain, inflammation, and fever.
Ibuprofen oral suspension is indicated for the relief of mild to moderate pain, including headache, dental pain, menstrual cramps, and musculoskeletal pain. It is also used to reduce fever and inflammation associated with various conditions, such as arthritis and other inflammatory disorders.
Dosage and Administration:
The dosage and administration of ibuprofen oral suspension depend on the patient’s age, weight, and the severity of their symptoms. The recommended starting dose for adults is 200-400mg every four to six hours as needed, not to exceed 1,200mg in a 24-hour period. For children, the dose is based on weight, and it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider for proper dosing instructions.
Ibuprofen oral suspension is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to ibuprofen or any other components of the medication. It should not be used in patients with a history of allergic reactions to NSAIDs or those who have a history of gastrointestinal bleeding or ulceration.
Warnings and Precautions:
Ibuprofen may increase the risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack and stroke. It should be used with caution in patients with cardiovascular disease, especially those with a history of heart attack or stroke.
Ibuprofen may cause gastrointestinal bleeding or ulceration, especially in patients with a history of gastrointestinal problems. Patients should report any symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding, such as black, tarry stools or vomiting blood, to their healthcare provider immediately.
Ibuprofen may interact with other medications, including blood thinners, aspirin, and other NSAIDs. Patients should consult their healthcare provider before using ibuprofen if they are taking any other medications.
Patients should avoid alcohol while using ibuprofen, as it may increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding and liver damage.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult their healthcare provider before using ibuprofen.
Common adverse reactions associated with ibuprofen oral suspension include gastrointestinal upset, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, as well as headache and dizziness. Less common adverse reactions include allergic reactions, such as rash or hives, and liver damage. Patients should seek medical attention immediately if they experience any severe or life-threatening adverse reactions.
Ibuprofen oral suspension should be stored at room temperature (between 20°C and 25°C) in a dry place, away from heat and moisture. The suspension should be shaken well before each use, and the bottle should be kept out of the reach of children.